In the long history of the NCAA tournament, a field that has now grown to 68 teams, there are still a surprising number of programs waiting to participate in their first March Madness.
If you go back to the tournament’s inception in 1939, there have been 3,225 total spots available. Yet, of the 351 basketball teams currently in Division I, 43 have never made the NCAA tournament.
Below is the full list, and where each stands in its conference tournament. A reminder, winning a conference tournament grants a team an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament. As of March 2, four of the 43 did not make their conference tournament, and 10 had been eliminated. That leaves 29 teams with a chance to make their first NCAA tournaments in 2018:
|Team||Conference||Tournament start||Tournament end||Tournament status|
|Lipscomb||A-Sun||Mon., Feb. 26||Sun., March 4||2-seed, in championship vs. 1-seed FGCU|
|Hartford||AEC||Sat., March 3||Sat., March 10||3-seed|
|Massachusetts-Lowell||AEC||Sat., March 3||Sat., March 10||7-seed|
|New Hampshire||AEC||Sat., March 3||Sat., March 10||6-seed|
|Maine||AEC||Sat., March 3||Sat., March 10||8-seed|
|Sacramento State||Big Sky||Tue., March 6||Sat., March 10||TBD|
|UC Riverside||Big West||Thurs., March 8||Sat., March 10||TBD|
|William & Mary||CAA||Sat., March 3||Tue., March 6||4-seed|
|Elon||CAA||Sat., March 3||Tue., March 6||10-seed|
|Youngstown State||Horizon||Fri., March 2||Tue., March 6||9-seed|
|Quinnipiac||MAAC||Thurs., March 1||Mon., March 5||7-seed, in quarterfinals vs. 2-seed Canisius|
|Bethune-Cookman||MEAC||Mon., March 5||Sat., March 10||2-seed|
|Savannah State||MEAC||Mon., March 5||Sat., March 10||3-seed|
|Maryland-Eastern Shore||MEAC||Mon., March 5||Sat., March 10||12-seed|
|Citadel||Southern||Fri., March 2||Mon., March 5||8-seed|
|Central Arkansas||Southland||Wed., March 7||Sat., March 10||TBD|
|Abilene Christian||Southland||Wed., March 7||Sat., March 10||TBD|
|Incarnate Word||Southland||Wed., March 7||Sat., March 10||TBD|
|South Dakota||Summit||Sat., March 3||Tue., March 6||2-seed|
|Denver||Summit||Sat., March 3||Tue., March 6||3-seed|
|IPFW||Summit||Sat., March 3||Tue., March 6||4-seed|
|Nebraska-Omaha||Summit||Sat., March 3||Tue., March 6||7-seed|
|Western Illinois||Summit||Sat., March 3||Tue., March 6||8-seed|
|Grambling State||SWAC||Tue., March 6||Sat., March 10||TBD|
|Utah Valley||WAC||Thurs., March 8||Sat., March 10||TBD|
|Grand Canyon||WAC||Thurs., March 8||Sat., March 10||TBD|
|Texas-RGV||WAC||Thurs., March 8||Sat., March 10||TBD|
|UMKC||WAC||Thurs., March 8||Sat., March 10||TBD|
|Chicago State||WAC||Thurs., March 8||Sat., March 10||TBD|
The tournament has grown from an initial eight teams, moving to 16 in 1951 and then growing steadily until 1985, when it reached its familiar format of 64.
Play-in games have made appearances throughout the years, but became a permanent fixture in 2001, when the total number of teams was bumped to 65. In 2011, the play-in was expanded to create the First Four, an opening round that helped fill out the Round of 64. Thus, since 2011, 68 teams have made the NCAA tournament every year.
Two teams have made the NCAA tournament but haven’t been part of the bracket as most of us know it. Houston Baptist made the preliminary round in 1984, when there were 53 teams in the tournament, but lost to Alcorn State. Alabama A&M won the SWAC in 2005, earning the school’s lone automatic bid, but fell to Oakland 79-69 in the tournament’s play-in game.
There is another small, but more impressive group included in this list — the four teams that have been eligible for every NCAA tournament but have failed to make it to one.
Last year, Northwestern gained plenty of attention as the Wildcats — previously one of the five original teams to never make the tournament — not only qualified for their first ever tournament, but actually picked up a win, and gave eventual runner-up Gonzaga a run for its money in the Round of 32.
The other four teams to have been eligible for every tournament and not been dancing once are Army, St. Francis (NY), William & Mary, and The Citadel.
In 1968, Army actually did qualify for the NCAA tournament, but coach Bobby Knight thought the Black Knights would have a better shot in the NIT and turned down the invite. Army lost its first game in the NIT to Notre Dame.
|Conference||Teams that have never made the NCAA tournament||Teams|
|A-Sun||5||Kennesaw State, Lipscomb, NJIT, Stetson, USC Upstate|
|WAC||5||Chicago State, Grand Canyon, Texas-Rio Grande Valley, UMKC, Utah Valley|
|Summit||5||Denver, IPFW, Nebraska-Omaha, South Dakota, Western Illinois|
|AEC||4||Hartford, Maine, Massachusetts-Lowell, New Hampshire|
|Big South||4||Gardner-Webb, High Point, Longwood, Presbyterian|
|Southland||3||Abilene Christian, Central Arkansas, Incarnate Word|
|MEAC||3||Bethune-Cookman, Maryland-Eastern Shore, Savannah State|
|NEC||3||Bryant, Sacred Heart, St. Francis (NY)|
|CAA||2||Elon, William & Mary|
|Big Sky||1||Sacramento State|
|Big West||1||UC Riverside|
But of course, the list of 43 isn’t made up of basketball’s blue bloods. You’ll find no Power 5 teams among the uninvited. For the most part, these aren’t teams that will find themselves ranked in the AP Top 25 and earn a spot in the NCAA tournament on their resumes alone.
Realistically speaking, the best option for virtually any of these teams to make the NCAA tournament will be to win their conference tournament, a feat that grants an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament for the winners of all 32 conferences.